First Grade and Forward
By: Stephen B. Plank, Elizabeth Farley-Ripple, Rachel E. Durham, and Obed Norman
Published: May 13, 2008

“First Grade and Forward” study analyzed a cohort of students who entered first grade in 1999 through their expected (on-time) seventh-grade year to track patterns of promotion and retention, attendance, mobility within City Schools, and transfer out of City Schools.

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